I was looking through an ad for books relating to design and architecture and thought that a couple were worth pointing out.
The first is Materiology by Daniel Kula. It discussed a wide variety of materials as well as how the materials are made. It seemed like a book that would have been perfect when I was taking "Advanced Materials" in grad school.
Another is Materials for Inspirational Design. It offers a view into a variety of materials, uses, and even rough pricing.
Browsing through Amazon offers a variety of books on the subject of materials. Happy browsing!